The editor of choice …

… yeah, everyone got his own idea of which editor he should or would use – thats the freedom of choice ;).
Brian loves his jedit, Maurice uses his VI (and can’t live wout vi-bindings and -code-folding) and I, I’m just going with the masses ;).
Currently I’m using Eclipse/PDT, coming right from the Zend IDE/Studio.
There were quite too many bugs in the current Zend Studio which I couldn’t live with (no, I don’t want to restart the IDE every half hour just because it forgets to show the content of the files) and PDT was just on its way to get to a final 1.0 so I used it.
Coming from Zend Studio its easy to use and for missing features in the IDE you can simply install some eclipse-extension – thats the power of using a generic IDE.
One thing I’m missing in PDT in relation to the Zend Studio is the line wrapping. There simply is NONE in Eclipse. Guess it was to teach coders to write 80cols code ;).
But for now I HAVE code which is far longer than 80 or even 160 cols and I don’t want to scroll around or reformat if I’m looking at a longish condition.

I also tried jEdit, Kommodo or the likes. I for one really want that project handling with function lists for the project, the possibility to just select a function and jump to its definition, having the comment of the function shown in a tooltip when using/typing it. Thats what I expect from an IDE.
Yeah, I know. These huge java apps can get slow sometimes but at least we got something to use our CPU’s for, eh? 😉

A new post … REALLY!

Ok, I agree that it went a little bit silent in the last weeks but that was just because of an exam I had to do and which I really had a lot to learn for.
Now that one is done and I only got to finish (or at least start ;)) my diploma thesis to bring it to an end.

Lets see if I can get some life back into this blog.

whats up with lighttpd?

Is it just me or has development on lighttpd slowed down in the last months?
Last commit July 25th ( trac-timeline ) which was for a release
which opened a couple of problems (, blog-entry ) and none of them are fixed until now.
Also there are tickets which are (at least for me) showstopper bugs like the mod_extforward breaking url-matches which is open for 3 months now and got no comment by a developer.
When I read the page from the original author I see lots of comments about mysql-proxy and I just hope that its a temporary thing instead of him switching his attention completely to something different.
On the other hand – modlogan died silently when Jan started developing lighttpd :(.

Lighttpd got nice attention as is even mentioned by netcraft in their webserver-statistics but it should still be actively maintained and all open bugs which are not feature enhancements should be fixed as soon as possible – if there are enough developers on the project left to do this.

finally it has arrived: Phorum-5.2.0-alpha

It took quite some time but finally we made it and released phorum-5.2.0-alpha.
Brian already posted most of the new features in his blog .

One of the new things that don’t show up in the phorum-code itself are the revamped docs.
These are written in docbook-xml and are available (rebuild from trunk every hour) on
as html-docs
and pdf: admin.pdf , developer.pdf , faq.pdf and the still empty user.pdf .
Therefore I renew my plea for help in this area.
It would be really great if you could help us to improve the docs. Every little thing helps.
Send us questions (and answers) for faq-items, texts for the user-manual and so on. Just send it in as plain text, we will convert it to docbook if you don’t want to mess with it.
Email-address for all docs-stuff is (which will reply you at your first mail with a confirmation required).
If you want to play directly with the docs-source just checkout the trunk-tree as described in the wiki and look at docs/docbook in there.

Oh and before I forget: remember its alpha-quality. Don’t use it in production yet!

Thats one PHP-5.2.x feature for Phorum-5.2 I’d like to use …

Its the httpOnly Cookies support in the setcookie-call.
Now that Firefox supports it too (as mentioned here and here)
the main browsers are supporting it.
Internet Explorer seems to have been the first one supporting it, with Firefox now and Opera meant to support it in 9.5.

Therefore it makes sense to use it now. Even browsers not supporting it are just ignoring the additional flag.
In PHP that flag was introduced in PHP-5.2 – another cause for going php-5.2 and up only ;).

The new db-layer in Phorum-5.2 kicks ass

Thanks for maurice’s pulling me into the db-layer I added my “own” mysql-mysnip-layer which handles the queries done.
The change from 5.1 to 5.2 brought up a split db-layer with one file containing all the queries for mysql and calling a function for actually running the query and (optionally)
returning the rows.
And that second part is simply extension specific like for mysql and mysqli extensions. I think it would be simple to add another for pdo but thats a different topic.
For now I added another “extension”-specific part for mysnip which looks into the queries to check if they need rewriting for the partitions used.
The partition-specific tables have some marker in there which tells where the partition number should be and that marker is replaced with the partition-id on querying.
If the partition-id is not yet available in for the current forum-id its retrieved from the database.

That functionality allows me finally to run through all the upgrades as we’ve added a flag to the queries which need to be run for each partition.
We stumbled about it when I was wondering how real-name upgrades are handled now as these have to run through all partitions where that user could have been posting to.
The upgrades from my early version to current 5.2 take a while but overall they are running fine.
Another nice thing is that I don’t have to hack the actual layer which contains the queries and can take that part from the distributed code, only the “extension-specific” code changed and is in a separate file. No more relying on a module to run and rewrite the table-names which would only run once on a page-view.

To cut a long story short: its great and should allow you all kinds of changes to the db-layers without touching the queries. It should even be much easier to write a layer for another database-system (anyone volunteering? ;)).

building a HA/LB solution

I’m currently in the process of trying to build a HA/LB solution for my forums.
Currently HA (HighAvailability) is created by running heartbeat on the two webserver-“nodes” with automatic ip-takeover and a mysql-slave which gets all the data from the main-db-server (but needs manual takeover).
LB (LoadBalancing) is done with FastCGI-Loadbalancing in LiteSpeed-Webserver but I’m not satisfied with the results as it seems that the first host is getting much more load than the second one.

Therefore I played with some Virtual Machines, one running haproxy ( ), two running lighttpd with fcgi-php.
So far it worked good but taking down one of the webservers still gave me some failed requests if it was running under “siege”. Thats something I wanted to avoid.
Lighttpd was simply choosen because of mod_extforward so that I could keep the original hosts ip in the REMOTE_ADDR and its support for fcgi-php.

But as I wrote in an earlier post there is one feature I’d badly miss in lighttpd and which really keeps me from switching:
.htaccess-support or generally spoken: dynamic configuration changes without changing the main-configuration and the need for a webserver reload.
I found one thread in the lighttpd-forums which sounds promising.
Reading dynamic configuration from mysql is something I’d love to see. It would kick ass :).
Yeah, sure. Lighttpd would have to work without mysql-connection too, some fallback mechanism needs to be in place but that would solve at least most of my problems.
For my own DoS functionality I need a way to block connections on the webserver-level before it even reaches PHP.

So there are some problems or lets better call it “tasks” left to solve for my HA/LB solution:
– find the right webserver to implement that
– build a solution to merge the logs and process them for statistics
– find out how to get haproxy (or another loadbalancing solution) to send failed requests to another backend in case of one going down

And the big task:
– find some automatic solution for mysql-takeover (without DRBD, which I don’t trust because of its network-based nature ;))
Any ideas anyone?

Tough to get “documentors”

For Phorum-5.2 we (or better Maurice ;)) are trying to get some more documentation for Phorum.
Maurice does a damned good job in providing developer docs together with starting it all in docbook-format
but, as usual, most developers aren’t good documentation writers and therefore the documentation is lacking a lot of content.
We were also trying to get at least for the user-documentation some users to write but got exactly 0 replies about it.
Why is it so hard to get someone to write docs which he could use for his users to explain how to use the Phorum and would help others with the same task?
How are other projects handling this? All documentation written by the developers?
I’m pretty sure that there are some admins out there who have written docs for their users but unfortunately no one is interested in contributing them :(.

To lighttpd or not to lighttpd

So for 3 months lighttpd is now in the top 5 list of netcraft statistics.
I actually tried lighttpd before using LiteSpeed-Webserver which is a commercial product (with a free standard-version) but for my use-case superior to use. Maybe they are on par performance-wise, I don’t know and didn’t do enough benchmarks to tell but the usability is totally different.
According to netcraft there are more than a million domains hosted on lighttpd now but why is there no Webinterface to configure it? Do the users see this as useless? I don’t really like to be depending on SSH-access for changing something in my webserver configuration when I’m on the road and missing input validation like a webinterface could do.
Also why is there no support to use .htaccess-files or at least search for .htaccess-files and convert them to something lighttpd likes? LiteSpeed supports .htaccess files with a cache so that it isn’t as much a performance hit as it was previously.
I would be really afraid of opening lots of holes while switching to lighttpd because I secured a ton of directories with simply a “Deny from all” in .htaccess-files and sometimes “Basic Authentication”.
Why does it have to be so hard? 😉

Blue screens and US-networks

So finally Maurice (who would see a link here if he had a blog ;-)) reminded be to talk about it … .

Finally we had our first Phorum-Developers meeting when we went to the MySQL-Conference last April.
Which was a great experience and I have to thank MySQL AB for the invitation to the DotOrg Pavilion.

But all the time there I have been hit by Blue Screens on my ThinkPad (yeah I know, bad to have Windows running but I think its still better with Windows on Laptops than Linux).
There must be something bad about US-WLAN-networks as I never had this problem before and only got it there when connecting to the Conference-WLAN.
Do they use some different channels or frequencies? I really don’t know as I just want to have a working connection.
Unfortunately it didn’t fix itself when coming back to Germany. I still had occasional crashes with the infamous blue-screen.
Only a full reinstall of the OS and all the precious applications helped.

So much about US-Wireless-networks :(.